Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2012
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Significant Accounting Policies||
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Aspen Group, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the allowance for doubtful accounts and other receivables, the valuation of collateral on certain receivables, the valuation and amortization periods of intangible assets, valuation of stock-based compensation and the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets.
Restricted cash represents amounts pledged as security for transactions involving Title IV programs. Upon the DOEs completion of its review of the Companys application to participate in Title IV programs, the funds are expected to be released and available for use by the Company.
Consistent with the Higher Education Act, Aspens certification to participate in Title IV programs terminated after closing of the Reverse Merger, and Aspen must apply to DOE to reestablish its eligibility and certification to participate in the Title IV programs. However, in order to avoid significant disruption in disbursements of Title IV funds, the DOE may temporarily and provisionally certify an institution that is seeking approval of a change in ownership, like Aspen, under certain circumstances while the DOE reviews the institutions application. On March 15, 2012 the DOE asked Aspen to provide to the DOE by March 28, 2012 a letter of credit in the amount of $105,865, which is 10% of Aspens Title IV receipts in 2011. On March 27, 2012, the Company opened a 12-month money market account, bearing 0.20% interest, maturing March 28, 2013, with its banking institution in the amount of $105,865 and pledged that to the letter of credit. The Company shall consider $105,865 as restricted cash until such letter of credit expires.
Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. The Company classifies assets and liabilities recorded at fair value under the fair value hierarchy based upon the observability of inputs used in valuation techniques. Observable inputs (highest level) reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs (lowest level) reflect internally developed market assumptions. The fair value measurements are classified under the following hierarchy:
The estimated fair value of certain financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses are carried at historical cost basis, which approximates their fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments.
Net Loss Per Share
Net loss per common share is based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during each period. Common stock equivalents, including 2,070,000 and 0 stock options, 493,500 and 0 stock warrants, and a variable amount of shares underlying $670,000 (a minimum of 670,000 common shares as of March 31, 2012) and $162,000 of convertible notes payable for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, are not considered in diluted loss per share because the effect would be anti-dilutive.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2011, the FASB, issued ASU 2011-05, which amends ASC Topic 220, Comprehensive Income, which requires an entity to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. It eliminates the option to present components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders' equity. The ASU does not change the items which must be reported in other comprehensive income, how such items are measured or when they must be reclassified to net income. This ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted ASU 2011-05 effective January 1, 2012, and such adoption did not have a material effect on the Company's financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef