Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


9 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2023
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]  
Revenue Revenue
Revenue consists primarily of tuition and fees derived from courses taught by the Company online as well as from related educational resources that the Company provides to its students, such as access to its online materials and learning management system. The Company’s educational programs have starting and ending dates that differ from its fiscal quarters. Therefore, at the end of each fiscal quarter, a portion of revenue from these programs is not yet earned and is therefore deferred. The Company also charges students fees for library and technology costs, which are recognized over the related service period and are not considered separate performance obligations. Other services, books, and exam fees are recognized as services are provided or when goods are received by the student. The Company’s contract liabilities are reported as deferred revenue and due to students. Deferred revenue represents the amount of tuition, fees, and other student payments received in excess of the portion recognized as revenue and it is included in current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
The following table represents the Company's revenue disaggregated by the nature and timing of services:
Three Months Ended January 31, Nine Months Ended January 31,
  2023 2022 2023 2022
Tuition - recognized over period of instruction
$ 13,301,292  $ 16,550,586  $ 44,264,750  $ 50,304,380 
Course fees - recognized over period of instruction
1,745,950  1,981,470  5,760,009  5,967,581 
Book fees - recognized at a point in time
—  —  —  42,777 
Exam fees - recognized at a point in time
219,869  199,924  690,395  590,337 
Service fees - recognized at a point in time
306,931  212,818  827,348  410,929 
Revenue $ 15,574,042  $ 18,944,798  $ 51,542,502  $ 57,316,004 
Contract Balances and Performance Obligations
The Company recognizes deferred revenue as a student participates in a course which continues past the consolidated balance sheet date.
The deferred revenue balance as of January 31, 2023 and April 30, 2022, was $8,075,063 and $5,889,911, respectively. During the nine months ended January 31, 2023, the Company recognized $5,122,057 of revenue that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of April 30, 2022. The Company classifies deferred revenue as current since the remaining term of the course, including the affect to the refund policy, is one year or less. There is no long-term deferred revenue.
When the Company begins providing the performance obligation by beginning instruction in a course, a contractual receivable is created, resulting in accounts receivable. The Company accounts for receivables in accordance with ASC 310, Receivables. The Company uses the portfolio approach.
Cash Receipts
The Company's students finance costs through a variety of funding sources, including, among others, monthly payment plans, installment plans, federal loan and grant programs (Title IV), employer reimbursement, and various veteran and military funding and grants, and cash payments. Most students elect to use our monthly payment plan. This plan allows them to make fixed monthly payments over the length of the payment plan. Title IV and military funding typically arrive during the period of instruction. Students who receive reimbursement from employers typically do so after completion of a course. Students who choose to pay cash for a class typically do so before beginning the class.
Significant Judgment
We analyze revenue recognition on a portfolio approach under ASC 606-10-10-4. Significant judgment is utilized in determining the appropriate portfolios to assess for meeting the criteria to recognize revenue under ASC Topic 606. We have determined that all of our students can be grouped into one portfolio. Students behave similarly, regardless of their payment method. Enrollment agreements and refund policies are similar for all of our students. We do not expect that revenue earned for the portfolio is significantly different as compared to revenue that would be earned if we were to assess each student contract separately.
The Company maintains institutional tuition refund policies, which provides for all or a portion of tuition to be refunded if a student withdraws during stated refund periods. Certain states in which students reside impose separate, mandatory refund policies, which override the Company’s policy to the extent in conflict. If a student withdraws at a time when a portion or none of the tuition is refundable, then in accordance with its revenue recognition policy, the Company recognizes as revenue the tuition that was not refunded. Since the Company recognizes revenue pro-rata over the term of the course and because, under its institutional refund policy, the amount subject to refund is never greater than the amount of the revenue that has been deferred, under the Company’s accounting policies revenue is not recognized with respect to amounts that could potentially be refunded.
The Company had revenue from students outside the United States totaling approximately 2% of consolidated revenue for each of the three and nine months ended January 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
Teach-out of the Pre-licensure Nursing Program
On September 20, 2022, Aspen University and the Arizona State Board of Nursing entered into a Consent Agreement under which Aspen agreed to voluntarily surrender its program approval for its pre-licensure nursing program in Phoenix. Having entered into this agreement, the Company also determined to voluntarily suspend new enrollments to its pre-licensure nursing program in Florida, Georgia, Tennessee and Texas, and will complete instruction for currently enrolled Core nursing students in these locations. The state authorizing units and state boards of nursing were given notice to this effect on September 20, 2022.
For the three and nine months ended January 31, 2023, 19% and 22% of total consolidated AGI revenue was earned from its pre-licensure nursing program. For the three and nine months ended January 31, 2022, 24% and 23% of total consolidated AGI revenue was earned from this program.